Results indicated increases in therapist implementation of AAC and client use of AAC in trained contexts, with limited generalization to untrained contexts.
Despite its common clinical use, no well-controlled empirical investigations have been conducted to test the effectiveness of PECS.
In addition, the study examined the effects of PECS training on the emergence of speech in play and academic settings. The subjects in this study was a student CA: Results are promising in terms of functional communication.
They were aged 4—10 years 73 boys. Results indicate that the participant was able to generalize his communication skills across a variety of instructors and to use functional non-verbal strategies to respond to communication obstacles. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 46, — Few empirical investigations have evaluated strategies for training direct care staff how to effectively implement PECS with clients.
The functional analysis indicated the self-injury was maintained by positive reinforcement in the form of access to preferred items. The purpose of this investigation was to meta-analyze the single case research on the use of aided AAC with individuals with autism spectrum disorders ASD.
However, a variety of challenged populations, such as people with visual impairments, would initially be considered unable to communicate with PECS users. Perspectives on Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 21, Evaluation of two communicative response modalities for a child with autism and self-injury.
The PECS cards were slightly modified with the addition of Braille labels so that the visually impaired therapist would be able to understand and respond to the requests of the children with autism. Picture discrimination, essential to any picture-based communication program, often is taught through "match-to-sample" MTS requests for object-picture pairings.
Studies have reported some children go on to develop functional speech after using PECS. The present study explored a train and probe technique of assessing generalization after each phase of PECS training. There were four types of sessions: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Nov 20, Although all of the participants improved in at least one dependent variable, there remain questions regarding who is best suited for PECS and similar interventions.
For the control group, two 2-h observations were separated by a 5-week interval without PECS teaching. The present study examined the extent to which mothers were able to train their children, 2 boys with autism, to exchange novel pictures to request items using the picture exchange communication system PECS.
Three of four participants demonstrated criterion performance across all four mands using P. Basic Intervention Techniques pp. Behavior Modification, 25, Effects of the Picture Exchange Communication System and speech-generating devices were larger than those for other picture-based systems, though picture-based systems did have small effects.
Research in Developmental Disabilities, 24, Phase one measured word articulation. Abstract: This paper provides an overview of the literature investigating the functional relationship between the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and maladaptive behavior (i.e., aggression, tantrums) in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
The students' place of birth, religion, and the occupation of the father and are noted and examined. The paper shows how these figures changed, what causes and effects could be traced and deals with the social mobility and the Jewish enrolment patterns. This study surveys the results of the research performed on the area, information which.
Abstract: This paper provides an overview of the literature investigating the functional relationship between the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and maladaptive behavior (i.e., aggression, tantrums) in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
Picture Exchange Communication System What is PECS? PECS is a Picture Exchange Communication System and a type of AAC, or augmentative and alternative/5(1). Abstract: This research synthesis veriﬁes the effectiveness of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) for improving the functional communication skills of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
The research synthesis was focused on the degree to which variations in PECS training are associated Research a PECS 1.
research paper approval picture exchange communication system (pecs): advancement in the research and treatment of autism spectrum disorders by.Pecs research paper